Domesticating the Foreign
Opium Paraphernalia in the Skušek Collection
Keywords:Opium objects, East-Asian Collections, Ivan Skušek jr., domestication, chinese iconography
The extremely large collection of objects brought from Beijing to Ljubljana in 1920 by naval officer Ivan Skušek Jr. and his Japanese wife Tsuneko Kondo Kawase, also includes several opium pipes, a few opium lamps and some other objects related to opium use. The objects are exquisitely decorated with complex motifs. While this is the main topic, the paper also aims to add context to this specific aesthetic and explore the cultural framework in which the import of these objects to Europe took place. The first part focuses on the history of opium use in China. The second part analyses the elements of the aesthetics of Chinese opium-related paraphernalia. The third, central part of the text focuses on a thorough analysis of the opium objects in the Skušek Collection and the motifs and symbols they incorporate. Finally, it presents opium paraphernalia decorated with traditional Chinese motifs and symbols as an interesting embodiment of the complex and fluid relation to the foreign, forbidden, and fascinating, and a good example of the iconographic domestication of this foreignness.
Bjaaland Welch, Patricia. Chinese Art – A Guide to Motifs and Visual Imagery. Tokio, Rutland, Singapore: Tuttle Publishing, 2008.
Dikötter, Frank, Lars Laamann in Xun Zhou. Narcotic Culture – A History of Drugs in China. London: Hurst&Company, 2004.
Go, Simon, in Wenzheng Wu. Hong Kong Apothecary: A Visual History of Chinese Medicine Packaging. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 2003.
INCB. Report of the International Narcotics Control Board 1998. New York: United Nations, 1999.
Jovanović, Vladan. »Jugoslavensko-američka opijumska suradnja 1929.–1941. godine.« Časopis za suvremenu povijest 50, št. 1, (maj 2018): 36–65. https://doi.org/10.22586/csp.v50i1.75.
Krbavčič, Aleš, in Slavko Pečar. »Od prve objave odkritja morfina (1805) do njegovega mednarodnega priznanja (1817).« Farmacevtski vestnik 68, št. 5 (2017): 315–325.
Lee, Peter. Opium Culture – The Art and Ritual of the Chinese Tradition. Rochester: Park Street Press, 2006.
Martin, Steven. The Art of Opium Antiques. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books, 2007.
Milligan, Barry. »The Opium Den in London.« V Smoke: A Global History of Smoking, uredila Sander L. Gilman in Zhou Xun, 118–125. London: Reaktion Books, 2004.
Odell, Dawn. »Delftware and the Domestication of Chinese Porcelain.« V EurAsian Matters: China, Europe, and the Transcultural Object, 1600–1800, uredili Anna Grasskamp in Monica Juneja, 175–202. Cham: Springer, 2018.
Padwa, Howard. Social Poison: The Culture and Politics of Opiate Control in Britain and France, 1821–1926. Baltimore: JHU Press, 2012.
Skušek, Ivan. Packungsschema (Peking, 24. avgust 1917), tipkopis. Hrani Slovenski etnografski muzej.
Stara inventarna knjiga Narodnega muzeja Slovenije. Hrani Narodni muzej Slovenije.
Zheng, Yangwen. The Social Life of Opium in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Viri slikovnega gradiva: